How do you get jumpers knee syndrome?
Jumping knee or patellar tendinosis is a strain syndrome that causes pain and sensitivity in the area of the tendon of the quadriceps muscle. The tendon of the quadriceps passes over the knee itself and the pain usually manifests itself in the knee.
As well as in the syndrome of the tennis elbow , the cause of jumpers knee is repetitive trauma to the tendon itself due to frequent and excessive load on the quadriceps and knee joint.
At the higher risk of this syndrome are athletes whose sports include frequent jumps such as basketball, handball, volleyball, gymnastics, and athletics. Overtraining and training on hard surfaces proved to be additional risk factors for jumpers knee syndrome.
Symptoms and diagnosis of jumpers knee
- pain in the knee when moving
- pain in the front of the knee
- pain in the interior of the knee joint
- swelling in the knee
- stiffness of the knee joint
- pain and tension of the quadriceps
- weakness of the muscles of the affected leg
- severe pain when performing sports activities and training
- medical history - to determine whether there is an old injury or deficit in the knee joint area
- clinical examination - a doctor or physiotherapist performs a knee examination to determine exactly where the source of the pain is and what the cause is
- MRI - with magnetic resonance imaging we recognize tendon abnormalities and determine the cause of knee pain
Physical therapy and rehabilitation
Goals of physical therapy for jumping knee:
- reduce / eliminate pain in the knee area
- reduce / eliminate swelling in the knee
- increase mobility of the knee joint
- relieve pain and tension in the quadriceps
- establish optimal muscle strength of the affected leg
- return the patient / athlete to daily sports activity
- dry needling - with dry needling we release the quadriceps muscles, increase the range of movement in the knee joint and stimulate the regeneration of the quadriceps tendon
- medical flossing - special rubber bands make compression on the knee joint with which we reduce swelling in the knee joint, soothe pain and increase the range of movement
- kinesiotaping - serves as an auxiliary technique to maintain and enhance the effects of dry needling, medical flossing and targeted therapeutic exercises
- mobility exercises - to restore the range of movement in the knee joint and restore function
- strength exercises - after restoring the normal range of movement in the joint and calming the pain in the knee, it is necessary to work on exercises to strengthen the muscles of the quadriceps to increase the resistance of its tendon to the external load
Frequently asked questions about jumpers knee:
The return to sports activities is individual from patient to patient, i.e. from the severity of symptoms and deficits you have in the knee joint.
As a rule, the athlete / recreationist returns to sports activities after lowering the pain to a minimum level, restoring the normal range of movement and establishing optimal muscle strength.
Since jumpers knee syndrome is an overstrain syndrome, there is a chance that if you sit still for a long time and do not load the knee, the symptoms will calm down or even disappear.
The problem with this approach is that in the period of inactivity the muscles will go into atrophy and the function of the knee will be lost, which creates an additional serious problem.
By far the best approach that has been shown in practice is to speed up the regeneration process with quality physical therapy and rehabilitation.
The best prevention of jumpers knee syndrome is to regularly work on the strength of all leg muscles with an emphasis on the quadriceps muscles and maintain optimal flexibility in the knee and ankle joints.